Graham Crackers

Graham Crackers
   The man responsible for the Graham cracker was first a temperance leader and then a nutritionist. His puritanical zeal was to eliminate the evils of demon rum, which he maintained increased the evils of the sexual appetite. Sylvester Graham (1794-1851), a graduate of Amherst and an ordained Presbyterian minister, went on the lecture circuit to cure those suffering from what he saw as these evils. He expounded the premise that human beings should eat food the way God grew it, "untouched even by salt and pepper, which would cause insanity." He then accented the need to avoid sinful eating habits such as eating meats and fats, because they aroused the libido. A cardinal point was to substitute baked unsifted wheat flour for white bread. He recommended coarser flour because refined white flour removed vitamins and minerals.
   Graham was considered something of a crackpot. He was driven off many platforms by irate bakers, butchers, and others. And mobs of believers and disbelievers had pitched battles. The war against white bread heated up. James Russell Lowell wrote, "I am becoming more and more inclined to Grahamism every day." Such distinguished people joined Graham's crusade as Joseph Smith, the founder of the Mormon church, suffragette Amelia Jenks Bloomer, Bronson Alcott, father of the author of Little Women, William Lloyd Garrison, and Horace Greeley. But after it was all said and done, meat and alcohol won the day. Though Graham could not deliver a knockout punch, he did leave for the American public a tasty comestible—the graham cracker.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Graham cracker — The graham cracker was developed in 1822 in Bound Brook, New Jersey, by Presbyterian minister Rev. Sylvester Graham. Though called a cracker, it is sweet rather than salty and so bears some resemblance to a cookie (American English) / biscuit… …   Wikipedia

  • graham cracker — noun semisweet whole wheat cracker • Hypernyms: ↑cracker * * * noun Etymology: graham (flour) : a dry slightly sweet square or rectangular cracker made mainly of whole wheat flour * * * a semisweet cracker, usually rectangular in shape, made… …   Useful english dictionary

  • graham — adjective N. Amer. relating to or denoting wholewheat flour: graham crackers. Origin C19: named after the American advocate of dietary reform Sylvester Graham …   English new terms dictionary

  • Graham — in reference to crackers, etc., from unsifted whole wheat flour, 1834, Amer.Eng., from Sylvester Graham (1794 1851), U.S. dietetic reformer and temperance advocate. The family name is attested from early 12c., an Anglo Norman form of the place… …   Etymology dictionary

  • graham flour — noun flour made by grinding the entire wheat berry including the bran; ( whole meal flour is British usage) • Syn: ↑whole wheat flour, ↑graham, ↑whole meal flour • Regions: ↑United Kingdom, ↑UK, ↑U.K., ↑Britain …   Useful english dictionary

  • graham cracker — n. slightly sweet crackers that are made out of graham flour …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Sylvester Graham — (July 5, 1794 ndash; September 11, 1851) was born in Suffield, Connecticut, and was ordained in 1826 as a Presbyterian minister. He entered Amherst College in 1823 but did not graduate. He was an early advocate of dietary reform in United States… …   Wikipedia

  • Pan Graham — Pan Graham. El pan Graham fue inventado por el ministro presbiterano Sylvester Graham en el año 1829 para su dieta vegetariana. El pan Graham es un alimento alto en fibra, elaborado con harina de trigo no tamizada y que tiene granos que han sido… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bob Graham — This article is about the U.S. politician. For other people named Bob Graham, see Bob Graham (disambiguation). For other people named Daniel Graham, see Daniel Graham (disambiguation). Bob Graham Chairperson of the National Commi …   Wikipedia

  • Sylvester Graham — Lithografie um 1865 Sylvester Graham (* 5. Juli 1794 in Suffield, Connecticut, USA; † 11. September 1851 in Northampton, Massachusetts) war ein amerikanischer Prediger und früher Verfechter einer vegetarischen Reformdiät in den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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