Baroque is a style of art and architecture of the early seventeenth to mid-eighteenth century, characterized by elaborate ornamentation, curved lines, and enormous size. The Oxford English Dictionary says the style pays tribute to Francesco Borromini (1599-1667), its chief exponent. But the French word baroque came from the name of the founder of the baroque style, Federigo Baro i (1528-1612), an Italian painter whose flamboyant art was thought to evoke the mood of a movement known as Counter-Reformation, which stirred a sense of religious enthusiasm in Europe and which expressed its drama and emotion. Baro i was regarded a master of tender sentiment with "a nervous, fluttering style and gay colors." Perhaps the most majestic portrayal of baroque is St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.
   According to Klein's Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language (and other authorities concur), baroque was not derived from the Portuguese word barroco, "irregularly shaped pearl," as has been generally assumed. The term baroque was used to describe musical compositions that were chromatically elaborate and had distinct ornamentation. The word was also used by Italian Renaissance philosophers to represent far-fetched arguments in Scholastic syllogisms. By the eighteenth century baroque was considered a pejorative term to indicate an abandonment of the norm of nature and of classical antiquity. The Bartlett pear, long before its introduction into America, was grown and enjoyed in Europe, where it was called Williams, Bonchretien, after a London farmer. The pear trees were imported to America from England by Captain Thomas Brewer in the 1800s, and were planted on his farm in Roxbury, Massachusetts. The farm was purchased by Enoch Bartlett (1779-1860) of Dorchester, Massachusetts, who, although the fruit deserved the name Brewer pear, distributed and promoted the fruit under the name Bartlett.
   These delicious yellow pears have moved west to Oregon and Washington, where they can enjoy a healthier and longer growing season than they might have had in the East. Most Bartletts today come from that area but are a delight all over America. The Seckel pear was grown by a Philadelphia farmer whose name was Seckel. It is a good eating pear from!!!

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • BAROQUE — L’origine du mot «baroque», appelé à une si grande fortune, doit être raisonnablement reconnue dans le mot portugais barroco , qui désigne la perle irrégulière, voisin du castillan berrucco , qui était lui même entré dans la langue technique de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Baroque — art redirects here. Please disambiguate such links to Baroque painting, Baroque sculpture, etc. In the arts, the Baroque (pronounced /bə rɒk/) was a Western cultural epoch, commencing roughly at the beginning of the 17th century in Rome, Italy.… …   Wikipedia

  • Baroque — ist eine weiße Rebsorte, die mittlerweile eine lokale Rarität der Region Béarn in der französischen Weinbauregion Sud Ouest ist. Noch Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts war sie weit verbreitet . Nach Meinung des französischen Ampelographen Pierre Galet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • baroque — BAROQUE. adj. des 2 genr. Terme qui n est d usage qu en parlant Des perles qui sont d une rondeur fort imparfaite. Un collier de perles baroques.Baroque, se dit aussi au figuré, pour Irrégulier, bizarre, inégal. Un esprit baroque. Une expression… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • baroque — 1765, from Fr. baroque (15c.) irregular, from Port. barroco imperfect pearl, of uncertain origin, perhaps related to Sp. berruca a wart. This style in decorations got the epithet of Barroque taste, derived from a word signifying pearls and teeth… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Baroque —    Baroque is a term used to denote the art from roughly the 1580s to the end of the 17th century. Its development coincides with the Counter Reformation when the Catholic Church sought to curtail the spread of Protestantism that threatened its… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • baroque — [bə rōk′] adj. [Fr, orig., irregular < Port barroco, imperfect pearl] 1. [often B ] a) of, characteristic of, or like a style of art and architecture characterized by much ornamentation and curved rather than straight lines b) of,… …   English World dictionary

  • Baroque — Ba*roque , a. [F.; cf. It. barocco.] (Arch.) 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of, an artistic style common in the 17th century, characterized by the use of complex and elaborate ornamentation, curved rather than straight lines, and, in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • baroque — index elaborate, tawdry Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • baroque — adj *ornate, florid, rococo, flamboyant …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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