Pompadour is a style of dressing the hair in which the hair is brushed straight up from the forehead and pulled back over a pad. Whence cometh this name? Anyone familiar with French history would associate this hair style with Madame de Pompadour.
   Jeanne Antoinette Poisson (1721-1764), a woman from ordinary circumstances, became probably history's most famous mistress or concubine. She married a nobleman, Charles Guillaume d'Etoiles, and soon set her cap, so to speak, for King Louis XV, whom she had met at a masked ball. The king quickly became completely enamored of her and invited her to become his mistress and to live at Versailles. She immediately divorced her husband and cheerfully accepted the offer.
   This new mistress was given the title of Marquise de Pompadour and the king's maitresse en titre, or official mistress. But she was better known as Madame de Pompadour. She exercised a profound influence over the king for two decades. In fact, she became politically indispensable. When Pompadour fell out of favor with the king as a mistress (Madame du Barry, the daughter of a dressmaker, replaced her), she shrewdly maintained her political importance. But Pompadour was not in good health. She was tubercular and anemic and had suffered several miscarriages. She died at age forty-three.
   Though Pompadour guided the destiny of France for two decades and had a lasting influence on French culture, she now is remembered only as the king's mistress and for the eponymous coiffure she introduced.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • pompadour — ● pompadour nom masculin Synonyme de calycanthe ● pompadour (synonymes) nom masculin Synonymes : calycanthe Pompadour (Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, marquise de) (1721 1764) maîtresse de Louis XV de 1745 à 1750. Elle protégea les arts et les lettres …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pompadour — bezeichnet: Pompadour (Handtasche), Handtasche Arnac Pompadour, Kommune im frz. Département Corrèze, ehemalige Grafschaft (Marquisate) Madame de Pompadour, Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour, Mätresse von Ludwig XV. Pompadour… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pompadour — adj.n. Stil pompadour = stil de mobilier, de decoraţie interioară de la sfârşitul domniei lui Ludovic al XV lea, caracterizat prin linii curbe, ondulate. [pron. dúr. / < fr. pompadour, cf. madame de Pompadour – favorita regelui Ludovic al XV… …   Dicționar Român

  • Pompadour — can refer to: * Arnac Pompadour, a commune of the Corrèze département of France, former marquisate, famous for its Château and its National Stud* Madame de Pompadour, Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour, a well known courtesan and… …   Wikipedia

  • Pompadour — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Porter Wagoner era famoso por el estilo pompadour de su pelo. Pompadour es un tipo de peinado el cual juega con el cabello medianamente largo, peinando este hacia atrás dejando algo similar a un copo de helado en la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • pompadour — (n.) 1887 as a men s hairstyle; 1899 as a woman s style with the hair swept up over the forehead, in recognition of Jeanne Antionette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (1721 1764), mistress of Louis XV from 1745 50, who wore her hair in an upswept… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Pompadour — Pom pa*dour, n. A crimson or pink color; also, a style of dress cut low and square in the neck; also, a mode of dressing the hair by drawing it straight back from the forehead over a roll; so called after the Marchioness de Pompadour of France.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pompadour — [päm′pə dôr΄] n. [after POMPADOUR Marquise de] 1. a woman s hairdo in which the hair is swept up high from the forehead, usually over a roll ☆ 2. a man s hairdo in which the hair is brushed up high from the forehead …   English World dictionary

  • Pompadour [1] — Pompadour (spr. Pongpadur), Marktflecken im Arrondissement Brives des französischen Departements Corrèze; Schloß, mit großem Gestüte u. anderen landwirthschaftlichen Anstalten; 1200 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pompadour [2] — Pompadour (spr. Pongpadur), Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Frau von Lenormand d Estioles, später Marquise von P., geb. 1722, Tochter eines Pachters in La Ferté sous Jouberre. Ihr Vater mußte Unterschleifs halber die Flucht ergreifen, u. ihre galante… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”