Today's gamblers around the world have their hunger and thirst quenched by waitresses who serve them at the gaming table so that they will not have to leave their seats. But such service was not available in the eighteenth century when John Montagu, the fourth Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792), an inveterate gambler, spent clays on end at the casino. On one occasion, the story goes, the earl, loath to leave the gaming table, even to eat, ordered his servants to bring him two pieces of bread with a filling of meat to eat while he played. The earl did not know then that this gastronomic quickie would become the most ubiquitous and popular term on the menus of American restaurants — the sandwich — and that his name would be immortalized.
   As First Lord of the Admiralty, Sandwich was responsible for preparing the British fleet for action at all times. But because his mind was on gambling and not on the ships at sea, he neglected his naval duties. Indirectly he helped the cause of the American Revolutionaries because his fleet was no longer a commanding force.
   Captain James Cook, wishing to honor the earl when he was the First Lord of the Admiralty, named a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean after him, the Sandwich Islands. These are now known as the Hawaiian Islands.
   In addition to serving as a noun, the word sandwich is used in other ways. It is an adjective in the phrase sandwich man, a man who parades along streets to advertise something written on the signs he's wearing. Charles Dickens first dubbed this man, in his Sketches by Boz, calling him an "animated sandwich." The word is also a verb, as in "I thought I was getting sandwiched between those two cars."

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • sandwich — [ sɑ̃dwi(t)ʃ ] n. m. • 1802; mot angl. (1762), tiré du nom du comte de Sandwich, dont le cuisinier inventa ce mode de repas pour lui épargner de quitter sa table de jeu 1 ♦ Mets constitué de deux tranches de pain, entre lesquelles on place des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sandwich — Sn std. (19. Jh.) Onomastische Bildung. Entlehnt aus ne. sandwich, so benannt nach dem Grafen von Sandwich, der als leidenschaftlicher Spieler belegte Brote zum Spiel mitnahm, um es nicht durch Mahlzeiten unterbrechen zu müssen.    Ebenso nndl.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Sandwich — Sandwich, IL U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 6509 Housing Units (2000): 2494 Land area (2000): 3.014091 sq. miles (7.806460 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.014091 sq. miles (7.806460… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • sandwich — [n] grinder BLT, club sandwich, Dagwood*, hero*, hoagie, open faced sandwich, Reuben, sub, submarine sandwich; concepts 457,460,461 …   New thesaurus

  • sandwich — ► NOUN 1) an item of food consisting of two pieces of bread with a filling between them. 2) Brit. a sponge cake of two or more layers with jam or cream between them. ► VERB 1) (sandwich between) insert between (two people or things). 2) (sandwich …   English terms dictionary

  • Sandwich, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 6509 Housing Units (2000): 2494 Land area (2000): 3.014091 sq. miles (7.806460 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.014091 sq. miles (7.806460 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Sandwich, MA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 3058 Housing Units (2000): 1706 Land area (2000): 3.578713 sq. miles (9.268824 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.156599 sq. miles (0.405590 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.735312 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Sandwich — Sandwich: Die im 19. Jh. aus gleichbed. engl. sandwich entlehnte Bezeichnung für eine mit Butter bestrichene, mit kaltem Fleisch, Käse, Salat o. Ä. belegte (Weiß)brotscheibe oder Brötchenhälfte geht zurück auf J. Montague, den 4. Earl of Sandwich …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • sándwich — (plural sandwiches; del inglés; pronunciamos sángüich ) sustantivo masculino 1. Bocadillo preparado con rebanadas de pan inglés o pan de molde: un sándwich de jamón y queso, un sándwich mixto. 2. Origen: América. Bocadillo …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • sándwich — (Del ingl. sandwich, y este de J. Montagnu, 1718 1792, cuarto conde de Sandwich, de quien se cuenta que se alimentó de esta clase de comida para no abandonar una partida de cartas). m. Emparedado hecho con dos rebanadas de pan de molde entre las… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • sandwich — [sand′wich΄, san′wich΄] n. [after John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718 92), said to have eaten these in order not to leave the gaming table for meals] 1. two or more slices of bread with a filling of meat, fish, cheese, jam, etc. between them …   English World dictionary

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