, Amazon River
   According to the Greek historian Herodotus, the Amazons were a fierce nation of Scythian women who lived by themselves. They dealt with men only in battle or for procreation, and either killed their sons or sent them to their fathers. Their daughters were raised to become warriors. When grown, each woman hacked off her right breast so that it wouldn't hinder her range with the bow. Amazon in Greek is a composite of a- (without) and mazos (breast).
   The Amazons frequently appear in Greek mythology. One of the tasks of Hercules was to obtain the girdle of Hippolyta, queen of the Amazons. He slew her and took her girdle (sash). Another queen of the Amazons, Penthesileia, whose army came to aid the besieged Trojans, was killed in battle by the redoubtable Achilles.
   Legend says that one Vincente Yanez Pinzon, the discoverer of the Amazon River in 1500, named it Rio Santa Maria. But in 1541 Francisco de Orellana, an explorer, after descending from the Andes on this river to the sea, was attacked by a savage tribe. Believing women fought al g- side men, he then renamed the river Amazonas; its name in English, of course, is Amazon. This is an intriguing story; the explorer may have assumed that skirted Indians were women.
   A strong, aggressive woman, especially if she looks masculine, may be called an amazon.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • —, Inc. Unternehmensform Corporation ISIN …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • —, Inc. Unternehmensform Corporation ISIN …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Amazone. Logo de, Inc. Cré …   Wikipédia en Français

  • — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Amazone. Logo de, Inc. Cré …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amazon S3 — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Amazone. Logo de, Inc. Cré …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amazon S3 — (Simple Storage Service) is an online storage web service offered by Amazon Web Services. Amazon S3 provides unlimited storage through a simple web services interface. Amazon launched S3, its first publicly available web service, in the United… …   Wikipedia

  • Amazon — or Amazons may refer to: * Amazons, members of a legendary nation of female warriors in Greek mythology * more generally, any woman warrior ** History of women in the military ** Dahomey Amazons, an all female regiment of the African kingdom of… …   Wikipedia

  • Amazon S3 — Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3)  онлайновая веб служба, предлагаемая Amazon Web Services, предоставляющая возможность для хранения и получения любого объёма данных, в любое время из любой точки сети, так называемый файловый хостинг …   Википедия

  • — (Chinese: 卓越亚马逊), formerly, is a Chinese shopping website located in Beijing. In 2004, it was acquired by OriginalJoyo was a IT information and download service website before 2000.Joyo was found by Kingsoft in August …   Wikipedia

  • Amazon — kann sich auf folgende Stichworte beziehen: das Internet Versandhaus den Personenkraftwagen Volvo Amazon englische Übersetzung für Amazone oder Amazonas …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”